Skip to main content


There are several modules within the Indigenous housing and homelands toolkit intended to facilitate the goals and projects of First Nations communities. Each module can be used individually, in connection with other supporting modules, or in conjunction with the toolkit as a whole-system approach.

The toolkit offers solutions to help First Nations set up innovative community-centred housing governance models that are self-determined and based in cultural, ecological, and economic well-being. There are printable worksheets to explore your community’s values and principles, especially around housing and lands governance, and to reflect on how these values and principles are represented in everyday practices and policies. A basic understanding of property in a legal context is presented in the title and tenure module. There’s an explainer on how a Community Land Trust works, and how it could work on First Nations housing and lands. There is so much more offered in this toolkit, and it wouldn’t have been possible without the support from our funders, community partners, and idea-generators who offered their time and expertise on the subject.

This project has been funded and supported by


Territorial Acknowledgements

Ecotrust Canada respectfully acknowledges the xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam), Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw (Squamish), səl̓ilw̓ətaʔɬ (Tsleil-Waututh), and Coast Ts’msyen (Tsimshian) peoples on whose traditional territories our two offices are located.

Current partnering communities who work with Ecotrust Canada’s Indigenous Home-Lands Initiative, and whose realities, challenges, and innovations have informed this toolkit, include:


Information in this toolkit includes research from literature reviews (primarily grey literature) and interviews with the following people and organizations, who generously contributed their ideas and case studies to this project:

  • Brandy Gallagher (O.U.R. Ecovillage)
  • Shelagh McCartney (Together Design Lab)
  • Shirley McLeod (Te Puni Kōkiri, Māori Housing)
  • Henrik Moller (Ecosystems Consultants, Aotearoa)
  • Katie Rabbit-Young Pine (Changing Horses Non-Profit Society)
  • Lyana Patrick (Faculty of Health Sciences, SFU)
  • Robin Phillips (JFK Law, Victoria, BC)
  • Crystal Sedore (Yale First Nation)
  • Tim Tailfeathers (Changing Horses Non-Profit Society)
  • CHANS Lab, Spring 2022 cohort (IRES, UBC)