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Nuxalk Nation, Bella Coola, March 2022

Toolkit for Indigenous Housing and Homelands Governance

Nuxalk Nation, Bella Coola, March 2022

The Indigenous Housing and Homelands Toolkit is designed to support First Nations in understanding what possibilities exist for culturally legitimate housing and lands governance, particularly within the context of Aboriginal title lands, modern treaty lands, and other emerging jurisdictions in British Columbia.

The modules presented within this toolkit seek to explore ideas that are ‘outside the box’ of the colonial Indigenous housing system. Underlying this work is the assumption that Indigenous values, principles, jurisdiction, and legal orders can form the foundation for innovative mechanisms for lands and housing developments. This in turn would provide the type of legal certainty required to induce investment and financing while balancing Indigenous cultural priorities and values.

Each module can be used individually, in connection with other supporting modules, or in conjunction with the toolkit as a whole-system approach.

Table of Contents

Title and Tenure Module
Values and Principles Module
Rights and Responsibilities Module
Shared Equity Ownership Models
Rights of Nature Module
Developing a Community Land Trust Module
First Nations Housing Financing: Sources and Factors
Innovations in Housing Governance for First Nations in BC
Lessons from Māori Housing
Five Common Governance Scenarios


Indigenous Homelands Toolkit Inquiries


Territorial Acknowledgements

Ecotrust Canada respectfully acknowledges the xʷməθkʷəy̓əm (Musqueam), Sḵwx̱wú7mesh Úxwumixw (Squamish), səl̓ilw̓ətaʔɬ (Tsleil-Waututh), and Coast Ts’msyen (Tsimshian) peoples on whose traditional territories our two offices are located.

Creating the Indigenous Housing and Homelands Toolkit wouldn’t have been possible without the support from our funders, community partners, and idea-generators who offered their time and expertise on the subject. Please visit our Acknowledgements page for more details.

This project has been funded and supported by